For effective teaching and learning, making students participate well in the classes is very important. Classroom participation should not be limited to a handful of students repetitively speaking and interacting. To become an effective teacher, you should ensure that every student comes forward to participate, learn better, and achieve academic success.
A teacher’s interactions should not be limited to the active and more vocal performers only. You should try to enhance the overall class participation. Due to many reasons such as lack of understanding, low confidence, no interest in learning, and fear of speaking, many students are reluctant to participate in the class. Let us discuss some effective tips that teachers can follow to enhance overall classroom participation by encouraging every student to speak up and share.
Tips for teachers to enhance overall classroom participation
1. Use technology in the classroom
For ensuring overall active class participation, providing students with a proper academic understanding is important. But many students are not able to understand lessons from textbooks and notes. To overcome this problem, technology helps. By using online teaching apps and sites, teachers can access several audiovisual tools like educational videos, modules, demonstrations, picture cards, PowerPoint presentations, visual notes, graphs, and more. With the help of visualization, students tend to understand the concepts better and quicker. Learning becomes attractive and engaging too.
2. Ensure doubt resolution
The students who are quite brilliant and have strong command over basics, grab the concepts effectively and they are confident enough to raise doubts when facing any problem. This helps them to participate well in the classroom and score well academically. But many students fear asking doubts. They feel that they might be judged or scolded by the teachers. But this is a wrong assumption.
You should try to make your students feel comfortable and free to come to you whenever facing any doubt. If you find any student not feeling comfortable asking their doubts in front of the whole class, you can give personal attention and time to them as well. This will help you to teach online as well as in conventional classrooms effectively.
3. Have motivational talks
Many students even having the knowledge to share stay quiet in the class. They don’t understand the importance of participation which affects their motor skills and academic growth. To overcome this problem, teachers should have motivational talks with students.
Other than teaching the syllabus, having tests and doubt resolution, manage some time to have random healthy interactions with students. Be friendly to students and try to know the reasons behind their conservative nature. Share with them the importance of active speaking and listening. Provide them with a motivational boost and zeal to participate more in the class.
4. Have interesting activities
Many teachers limit classroom participation to question-answer rounds only. Because of this, the students who don’t know the accurate answers stay quiet in the class. Avoid practicing this monotonous activity. Think about every student, explore more and introduce a variety of interesting activities to the classroom. For example, you can have a group discussion on any popular topic liked by students or on the current taught topic. Let students share their thoughts, ideas, and knowledge freely without any boundaries to meet accuracy. Other examples can be
- Dialogue conversation or dialogue delivery.
- Pair and presentation
- Playing an online quiz, riddle, or puzzle.
- Writing and reciting
- Cultural events etc.
5. Set disciplinary rules to have a positive and constructive class environment
Many students fear participation. They feel by saying anything incorrect, they might be judged, interrupted, scolded, or joked off. Because of this, they stay quiet and reserved. To overcome this problem, set rules for your classroom. Instructions such as not interrupting when one is speaking, being respectful to all, and not laughing or humiliating one another must be given to the students. These rules and regulations will ensure that students have the right behavioral traits. Also ask students to think positively and constructively. They should take the teacher’s remarks and suggestions healthily and optimistically only.
Fear, lack of confidence, poor concentration, understanding issues, and monotonous teaching practices are a few reasons why not all students participate well in the classroom. However, by following the above-mentioned tips, teachers can provide a proper academic understanding and a motivational boost to every student for at least speaking and sharing something in the class, rather than sitting as mere listeners. This will help teachers to enhance overall classroom participation.